S17: Sleep and metabolic health: Time for behavioral sleep interventions?
Sunday, April 29 | 2:30pm-4:00pm | Room 341
Chair: Karine Spiegel (France)
Poor and short sleep and the risk of overweight/obesity in children and adolescents: Meta-analyses of epidemiological studies
Fatima Yaqoot (Australia)
Effects of extended time in bed on food intake and glucose metabolism in young overweight habitual short sleepers: A randomized controlled study
Karine Spiegel (France)
Pediatric obesity: Time for Behavioral Sleep Interventions?
Chantelle Hart (USA)
Pediatric diabetes: Time for Behavioral Sleep Interventions?
Michelle M. Perfect (USA)
Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development: An overview and new insights about longitudinal children sleep patterns associated with mental health difficulties in adolescence
Evelyne Touchette (Canada)
Summary of symposium:
The epidemic of obesity and diabetes is a major public health concern in the developed world. This symposium will summarize the latest epidemiological and experimental work providing evidence for a deleterious impact of sleep loss on pediatric metabolic health. Importantly, it will also present findings of recent or ongoing studies that suggest that behavioral strategies aimed at improving sleep in young short sleepers have beneficial effects for metabolic disorders. The first Speaker (Y. Fatima) will discuss the impact of sleep duration and sleep quality on overweight and obesity in children and adolescents through systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Because most of the detailed evidence on the deleterious effects of short/poor sleep on metabolic health has been obtained in adults, the second Speaker (K. Spiegel) will summarize the results of well-controlled laboratory studies in healthy young adults. This Speaker will also report the consequences of one week of time in bed extension in young obese adult short sleepers on the regulation of sleep, food intake and glucose metabolism. The third Speaker (C. Hart) will present results from experimental manipulations of sleep duration on pediatric obesity risk with an emphasis on an ongoing study of behavioral sleep intervention in school-aged children for prevention and treatment of obesity. Speaker 4 (M.M. Perfect) will review the current knowledge on the association between sleep and Type 1 Diabetes and report the preliminary findings of an ongoing sleep intervention study in youth with Type 1 Diabetes. Taken together, this symposium will summarize the latest epidemiological and experimental work indicating that poor/short sleep impairs metabolic health in pediatric population and will provide important novel information about whether behavioral sleep intervention in may have beneficial effects for metabolic disorders.
Upon Completion of this CME activity, participants should be able to:
1 Understand the broad metabolic implications of sleep loss as currently experienced by millions of children and adolescents in industrialized countries
2 Understand the association between poor glycemic control and sleep impairments in type 1 diabetic children
3 Understand how behavioral strategies aimed at improving sleep in young short sleepers with metabolic disorders may have beneficial effects
Researchers in the fields of sleep restriction, sleep disorders, obesity, and diabetes; Clinicians and Healthcare Professionals in general